A water pump is a machine that transports liquids or pressurizes liquids. It transfers the mechanical energy or other external energy of the prime mover to the liquid to increase the energy of the liquid. It is mainly used to transport liquids including water, oil, acid and alkali liquids, emulsions, suspoemulsions and liquid metals.
It can also transport liquids, gas mixtures and liquids containing suspended solids. The technical parameters of pump performance include flow, suction, lift, shaft power, water power, efficiency, etc.; according to different working principles, it can be divided into volumetric pumps, vane pumps and other types. Positive displacement pumps use changes in the volume of their working chambers to transfer energy; vane pumps use the interaction between rotating blades and water to transfer energy. There are centrifugal pumps, axial flow pumps and mixed flow pumps.